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Ritha: Sapindus trifoliatus

Ritha is among the best hair nourishing Ayurveda herbs
Ritha is very useful in psychological problems
Ritha also nourishes the skin and benefits in all skin diseases
Ritha expels out the unwanted fat from the body
Ritha can be used to induce abortion
Ritha can be used in contraception

Common Name:
Soap nut tree of south India

Sanskrit Name:

  • Arishtaka
  • Phenila: as it produces too much foam when rubbed in water
  • Raktabeej: As its seeds are red in colour
  • Grabhapatana: Which causes abortion because of the contractions in uterus

Lt. Name:
Sapindus trifoliatus - Sapindaceae

Bio energetics:

  • Rasa: Tikta (Bitter); Katu (Pungent)
  • Guna: Laghu (Light); Tikshna (Sharp in action)
  • Virya: Ushna (Hot)
  • Vipaka:  Katu (Pungent)
  • Prabhava (Special action for which there is no explanation): Vamana (Induces vomiting)

Chemical composition of Ritha:
(+)- saponin A, saponin C, sapindosid A, sapindosid B, emarginatoside-B, emarginatoside-C, carrageenan, histamine, serotonin, zymosan, type II cyanolipids, fatty acid, oleic acid, arachidic acid, 11-iecosenoic acid, cisvaccenic acid, 13-eicosenoic acid. 

Effect of  Ritha on Tridoshas:
Ritha pacifies all the three Doshas. So it can be used effectively in all the diseases.

Therapeutic Uses of Ritha in Ayurveda:

  • Tridoshghna: Ritha pacifies all the three Doshas.
  • Grabhapatana: Ritha can induce abortion.
  • Grahajid: Ritha is useful in diseases of super natural origin specially the psychological disturbances.
  • Kushtha kanduhara: Ritha nourishes the skin and is very useful in all skin diseases.
  • Lekhana: Ritha possesses scraping action so it can be used in deposition of unwanted fats in the body.
  • Vamana: Ritha induces vomiting
  • Shirsharujahara: Ritha is useful in headache and related conditions.
  • Ardhashirsha Vyatha hara: Ritha is especially useful in headache which affects half portion of head.
  • Visha nashanam:  Ritha possesses anti dotal properties.

Buy Ritha

Ritha Powder 2 oz

Ritha Powder 4 oz

Ritha Powder 1/2 Lb

Ritha Powder 1 Lb

Ritha Capsules 60capsules

Medicinal value of Ritha:

  • Soap nuts have historically been used in folk remedies as a mucolytic agent, emetic, contraceptive, and for treatment of excessive salivation, epilepsy and to treat chlorosis.  Modern scientific medical research has investigated the use of soap nuts in treating migraines.
  • Use for Contraception: Investigation of the contraceptive capability of plant saponins has shown some spermicidal capacity for certain extracts. While the Sapindus saponins have not been proven be as effective as more commonly used spermicides it has been shown that they are less irritating than chemical alternatives.
  • Anti Convulsant Activity: Results of the study revealed that aqueous extract of Sapindus trifoliatus possess anticonvulsant effects in Swiss Albino Rats and also reduce mortality. The present work did not include the identification of the active principal and its mechanism of action. Therefore, further research should be carried out to identify the active principal and elucidate the exact mechanism of action
    • Evaluation into Antiepileptic Activity of Aqueous Extract of Sapindus trifoliatus (Pericarp) in Swiss Albino Rats T. Jayasree, Ghouse Basha,  N. Chandrasekhar,  Shaikh Ubedulla Iqbal,  Rohit Dixit and V.S.Manohar  
  • Anthelmintic Activity: Sapindus trifoliate seed extract was effective at all concentrations tested against the Standard drug, Albendazole in causing the death of earthworm.
    • Anthelmintic Activity Of Sapindus Trifoliatus Seed Extract Kota Chaitanya Sravanthi, Manthri Sarvani, Sidagonde Srilakshmi
  • Analgesic Action: The effect of the aqueous extract of Sapindus trifoliatus on chemical, thermal-induced pain, nitroglycerin-induced hyperalgesia and pain on inflamed tissue was investigated. The extract (20 and 100 mg x kg(-1), i.p.) significantly inhibited acetic-acid-induced abdominal constrictions, formalin-induced pain licking and hotplate-induced pain in mice. Furthermore, the extract significantly increased the response latencies of nitroglycerin-induced hyperalgesia by the tail-flick method and mechanical pain on carrageenan-induced inflamed paw in rats. The data suggest that ST has an inhibitory activity on both peripheral and central pain mechanisms and has a modulatory role in NO-mediated nociceptive transmission.
    • Investigations into the antinociceptive activity of Sapindus trifoliatus in various pain models. D K Arulmozhi, A Veeranjaneyulu, S L Bodhankar, S K Arora
  • Anti Inflammatory: Anti-inflammatory activity of the ethanolic extract of the seeds of Sapindus trifoliatus Linn. was studied in wister rats using the carrageenan induced left hind paw edema, carrageenan induced pleurisy and cotton pellet induced granuloma model. The ethanolic extract (150 mg/kg, p.o.) produced the inhibition of carrageenan induced rat paw edema. It also showed an inhibitory effect on leukocyte migration and a reduction on the pleural exudates as well as reduction on the granuloma weight in the cotton pellet granuloma method. The results indicated that the ethanolic extract produced significant (P < 0.001) anti-inflammatory activity when compared with the standard and untreated control.
    • Anti-inflammatory activity of Sapindus trifoliatus Linn.

Useful part of Ritha:

Doses of Ritha:
Powder 3-6 Gm

Some important notes about Ritha:

  • Ritha powder is an important ingredient of natural soaps and shampoos as it nourishes skin as well as the hairs.
  • Ritha powder should be taken cautiously during pregnancy as it may cause abortion.

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