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Dhania: Coriandrum sativum

Dhania corrects the working of digestive and urinary system

Dhania is a good cardiac tonic 

Dhania is beneficial in cough and respiratory distress 

Dhania possesses anti diabetic and hypolipidemic properties 

Dhania calms down the agitated mind and helps in improving memory

Common Name:
Coriander (Eng.)

Sanskrit Name:

  • Dhanyak;
  • Chhatra;
  • Kustumburu;
  • Vitunnaka;
  • Dhania;

Lt. Name:

Coriandrum sativum - Umbelliferae

Bio energetics:

  • Rasa: Kashaya (Astringent); Tikta (Bitter); Madhura (Sweet); Katu (Pungent)
  • Guna: Laghu (Light); Snigdha (Unctuous)
  • Virya: Ushna (Hot)
  • Vipaka: Madhura (Sweet)

Chemical composition of Dhania:
Dhania contains 84% water. Seeds contain 1 % volatile oil, 13 % stable oil, 13% resin, astringent principle, malic acid alkaloids; coriander oil contains coriandrol, jirenyol and vebriniol.

Effect of  Dhania on Tridoshas:
Dhania pacifies all the three Dosha so it can be used effectively in treatment of diseases which originate from all the three Doshas. 

Therapeutic Uses of Dhania in Ayurveda:

  • Avrishya: Dhania should never be used in excess as it might result in infertility.
  • Mutralam: Dhania nourishes and cleanses the urinary system. In this way Dhania increases the production of urine.
  • Deepanam: Dhania ignites the digestive fire.
  • Jwaraghnam: Dhania is very useful to alleviate pyrexia and associated physical and psychological discomfort.
  • Rochanam: Dhania is useful in loss of taste
  • Grahi: As Dhania corrects the digestive system; it is very useful in diarrhea.
  • Trishna hara: Dhania alleviates excessive thirst.
  • Daha hara: Dhania alleviates the burning sensation.
  • Shwash Kasa hara: Dhania is useful in cough and respiratory distress.
  • Arsha Pranut: Dhania benefits in hemorrhoids by correcting the digestive system.
  • Krimi pranut: Dhania supports the immune system and a good anti infectious Ayurveda herb.
  • Chakshushya: Dhania nourishes the eyes.
  • Hrudya: Dhania is a good cardiac tonic.
  • Daurgandhya nashnam: Dhania alleviates bad smell so it is of great use in bad breath.
  • Sroto Vishodhanam: Dhania cleanses the nutritive channels of the body.

Buy Dhania

Dhania Powder 2 oz

Dhania Powder 4 oz

Dhania Powder 1/2 Lb

Dhania Powder 1 Lb

Dhania Capsules 60capsules

Medicinal value of Dhania:

  • Anti Oxidant: Dhania, like many spices, contains antioxidants, which can delay or prevent the spoilage of food seasoned with this spice. A study found both the leaves and seed to contain antioxidants.
  • Anti bacterial: Chemicals derived from Dhania were found to have antibacterial activity against S. choleraesuis, and this activity was found to be caused in part by these chemicals acting as nonionic surfactants.
  • Anti Anxiety: Experiments in mice support its use as an anxiolytic. Coriander seeds are used in traditional Indian medicine as a diuretic by boiling equal amounts of coriander seeds and cumin seeds, then cooling and consuming the resulting liquid. In holistic and traditional medicine, it is used as a carminative and as a digestive aid.
  • Anti Diabetic: A study on mice found Dhania extract had both insulin-releasing and insulin-like activity.
  • HypolipidemicDhania seeds were found in a study on rats to have a significant hypolipidemic effect, resulting in lowering of levels of total cholesterol and triglycerides, and increasing levels of high-density lipoprotein. This effect appeared to be caused by increasing synthesis of bile by the liver and increasing the breakdown of cholesterol into other compounds.
  • Anti microbial: The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemical and antifungal activity of the essential oil from Coriandrum sativum L. (Apiaceae) against different Candida species. The essential oil (EO) was obtained by hydrodistillation and submitted to dry-column chromatography, resulting in six fractions, which were then submitted to TLC and GC–MS analysis. The main compounds identified were alcohols: 1-decanol (24.20%); 2E-decenol (18.00%); 2Z-dodecenol (17.60%); and aldehydes (89%). Antibacterial activity of the EO and its fractions was tested against five species of Candida albicans. The EO showed antimicrobial activity against all the species of Candida tested, except for Candida tropicalis CBS 94. Fractions 4 and 6 had a greater antibiotic spectrum, probably due to the presence of such alcohols as 3-hexenol, 1-decanol, 2E-decenol and 2Z-dodecenol. In conclusion, the EO and its fractions could be used as potential antimicrobial agents to treat or prevent Candida yeast infections.
    • Antimicrobial potential of Coriandrum sativum L. against different Candida species in vitro A.F. Begnamia, M.C.T. Duarteb, V. Furlettia, V.L.G. Rehderb,
  • Anti helmintic: The objective of the present work was to evaluate the in-vitro anthelmintic potency of the ethanolic extract and carbon tetrachloride extract of Coriandrum sativum Linn plant using Indian earthworms.  The various concentrations (50, 100, and 150 mg/ml) of the ethanolic extract and carbon tetrachloride extract were tested in-vitro for anthelmintic potency by determination of time of paralysis and time of death of worm. Piperazine citrate (15mg/ml) used as standard. The result of present study indicates that the Coriandrum sativum Linn potentiate to paralyze earthworm and also caused its death after some time. The shortest time of paralysis was observed at higher dose (150 mg/ml) of both ethanolic extract and carbon tetrachloride were found to 28 min and 45 min respectively. The results of the study are comparable to standard Piperazine citrate. The result showed that ethanolic extract of Coriandrum sativum Linn took less time to cause paralysis of the earthworm than that of carbon tetrachloride extract Coriandrum sativum Linn. Thus the present study demonstrate that the Coriandrum sativum Linn. as an anthelmintic has been confirm as the ethanolic and carbon tetrachloride extracts of whole plant displayed activity against the earthworm used in study
    • Anthelmintic activity of extracts of coriandrum sativum linn. in Indian earthworm H. S. Chandan, A. R. Tapas, D. M. Sakarkar
  • Anti-Stress and Anti-Amnesic Effects: This study deals with the anti-stress and anti-amnestic properties of C. sativum extract in rats.   Urinary levels of vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) and ascorbic acid were used to evaluate anti stress activity in rats, while conditioned avoidance response test in normal and scopolamine-induced amnesic rats was used to evaluate anti-amnesic effects. C. sativum extract was also evaluated for its antioxidant activities by inhibition of lipid peroxidation in brain and liver homogenates of the rats. Daily administration of C. sativum extract (100, 200 and 300 mg/kg body weight) 1 h prior to induction of stress significantly decreased the stress-induced urinary levels of and increased the ascorbic acid excretion levels in a dose-dependent fashion without affecting the normal levels in control groups. The amnesic deficits (acquisition, retention and recovery) induced by scopolamine (1mg/kg, i.p.) in rats was reversed by C. sativum dose dependently. The extract also inhibited lipid peroxidation in both rat liver and brain to a greater extent than the standard antioxidant, ascorbic acid.  So Dhania may be useful remedy in the management of stress and stress related disorders on account of its multiple actions such as anti-stress, anti-amnestic and antioxidant effects.
    • Anti-Stress and Anti-Amnesic Effects of Coriandrum sativum Linn (Umbelliferae) Extract – an Experimental Study in Rats Sushruta Koppula and Dong Kug Cho

Useful part of Dhania:
Fruits; Whole plant (of fresh green plant); oil

Doses of Dhania:
Powder: 3-6gm; Cold infusion: 20-25 ml; Oil: 1-3 drops

Some combinations with Dhania:
Dhanyakadi Hima; Dhanyapanchaka Kwatha 

Some important notes about Dhania:

  • In disturbed metabolism decoction of Dhania and Shunthishould be taken in routine. It will digest the deposited Aama in the body; alleviate indigestion and cleanse the urinary system.
  • Dhania powder and powdered candy sugar should be given with Tandulodaka (water collected from boiled rice) in cough and respiratory distress. 

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